Top Dozen Best and Worst Old UFO Sightings

This site contains excerpts and sometimes minor additions, updates or deletions from my recent book which you can see more info about or order in e-reader or soft cover (480 pp.) by clicking this image of the cover

book cover
Price is only US$5 for the e version or just under $20 for the paper version, plus shipping (postage).

There are 13 here because I am still undecided about #3, so had to have six "good" and six "bad" classic cases. The XXX = phoney or hoax or scam or explained prosaically

1. XXX hoax: Maury Island Washington State 1947

2. 1952 Washington D.C.. flap

3. RB-47 Sept. 1957 [my imaginery jury is still "out" on this one]

4. Shag Harbor Nova Scotia 1967

5. XXX hoax: Stefan Michalak, Falcon Lake, Manitoba 1967

6. Coyne, army helicopter Mansfield Ohio 1973

7. XXX hoax: Travis Walton 1975

8. XXX hoax: Cash Landrum 1980

9. Rendlesham forest UK Dec. 1980

10. XXX crackpot: Japan Air Lines over Alaska 1986

11. Belgium 1990

12. XXX explained 45 years later: Incident at Exeter 1966

13. UFOs over US and USSR nuclear launch sites

1. THE MAURY ISLAND "Flying Doughnuts" SCAM

The following is abridged and adapted from a few onlne sources and with respectful acknowedgment to a larger article at https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Maury_Island_incident

The Maury Island Incident, June 1947, refers to claims made by Fred Crisman and Harold Dahl of falling debris and threats by men in black (MIB) following sightings of unidentified flying objects in the sky over water in Washington State, in the NW part of the continental USA.

Crisman and Dahl said they were part-time harbor patrolmen on a workboat who saw six doughnut shaped objects in the sky near Maury Island in Puget Sound. According to Crisman and Dahl, one of the objects dropped a substance that resembled lava or "white metal" onto their boat, breaking Dahl's son's arm and killing their dog. Dahl claimed he was later approached by a man in a dark suit and told not to talk about the incident.[1] The story was later retold in Gray Barker's book They Knew Too Much About Flying Saucers, which helped to popularize the image of "men in black" in mainstream culture.[2]

It is alleged that in June of 1947, seaman Harold Dahl was with his son scavenging for drifting logs near Maury Island in Puget Sound in Washington State when Harold sighted several "donut shaped objects" flying in formation over his boat. He claimed that one of the discs appeared to lose control after being tapped by another disc, spewing out slag and strange pieces of light metal material which hit his boat. The falling UFO debris supposedly injured Harold's son Charles and killed the family dog. His story was reported to his co-worker Fred Crisman and was later promoted by publisher Ray Palmer. The event -which has stirred the imaginations of many over decades- was itself born of imagination. The only reality about the "incident" was that it was conjured up in the mind of an enterprising and attention-craving 27 year-old schemer and amateur fiction writer. The sighting was alleged to have occurred on June 21, 1947 (just days before pilot Kenneth Arnold's seminal sighting and just weeks before the Roswell crash) but the only original sources of information is the say-so of Crisman and Dahl. It was not until July 22 that Kenneth Arnold himself received a letter from Ray Palmer, publisher of Amazing Stories, requesting that he investigate the incident, that it became publicly known. It was later still when Army Air Corps officers came to investigate the event at the behest of Arnold. Dahl reports (depending on the source) having observed between 4-6 donut shaped metallic discs about 100 feet in diameter. He said that he could see circular portholes around them, with blue sky showing through the craft's center holes. The UFOs, Dahl said, had been flying together in a pattern from about 2000 feet down to just 500 feet above. He said that one appeared to have been in distress when bumped by a nearing disc. After the hot slag from the crippled disk rained unto the boat, boy and dog, the damage was assessed. The dead dog was buried at sea and the boy had apparently sustained a burned arm. Rather than calling an official resource, Dahl elected to immediately contact his co-worker about the incident. The co-worker (with whom he retrieved errant floating logs for return to a sawmill to be used as raw lumber) was one Fred Crisman.

Crisman seemed to control the information about the incident from the beginning- and allegedly even wrote letters to inquirers about the incident on behalf of Dahl or even pretending to be Dahl. Crisman - a hustler and pathological deceiver- held a strange hold on the meeker Dahl. This is especially interesting in that it has been confirmed that it was Crisman who actually worked for the older Dahl. Crisman was an adventuresome 27 year old at the time of the "incident." It was in fact Dahl who had title and owned the vessel used for salvaging. Dahl was an independent businessman sometimes working in tandem with the Harbor Patrol Association. Dahl was somehow induced to go along with a lot of things said by Crisman. Dahl even later stated that he had taken photos of the saucers. When asked by Kenneth Arnold to produce them, Dahl went out to his car where he said that he had stored them in his glove compartment, but reported back that he could not find them. Dahl also stated that he was visited the day after his UFO sighting by a man in a black suit driving a 1947 black Buick. The mystery man told Dahl that he best keep silent about the incident if he knew what was good for him.

Upon learning that the two Army Air Corps officers whom Arnold brought to investigate had perished in the plane taking them back (as it turns out the B-26 accidentally rather than mysteriously crashed), Dahl made himself very scarce for some time.

When evaluated, the flying saucer debris material (some of which the B-26 was carrying to be examined at another location) was found to be totally terrestrial. It was mill slag from a local smelter. Pilot Kenneth Arnold said that the metal part of the debris reminded him of aluminum scrap and that he even had noted a square rivet on one piece!

Mr. Dahl later retracted his claims, stating the story was a hoax. See http://ufodigest.com/article/maury-island-no-longer-mystery-ufo-hoax-exposed .The truth also came out from interviews with Maury Island UFO "witnesses" Harold Dahl's own son and daughter. The hoax is further detailed in a careful re-examination of the "mysterious" figure Fred Crisman.

Part of the myth is that Harold Dahl's then 15 year old son Charles Dahl had "come along for the ride" on one of the log retrieval trips and one of the saucers had ejected a material that hit and severely burned Charles' arm, requiring medical treatment.

There appears, however, to be no hospital records to verify Charles medical treatment for being struck and burned by falling hot slag. On the very face of it, the account makes no sense: If a child suffered the horrendous impact of rock and metal raining down upon him from hundreds of feet above -so hot that it burned skin and falling so fast that it killed an animal- the child would have been killed. Minimally the boy would have been permanently disabled. And there appears to be no police, fire, or property or accident insurance records that would support the occurrence of the incident as described. Charles Dahl was curiously never interviewed at the time of the event. He appeared to have been kept away from it all by the adults, including by Crisman.

Some time ago a husband and wife research team located Charles Dahl and conversed with him about the incident. Kalani Hanohano is a long-time UFO researcher. Back in the late 1960's he was MUFON Washington State Director, a civilian UFO research organization. He managed to locate Harold Dahl's son Charles, who has since passed. When found and reached at his home in Hammond, LA, Charles Dahl spoke sparingly and cautiously to the Hanohanos. He said that Crisman, "was a smooth-talking con artist" for whom he had no respect - and he unequivocally stated that "the Maury Island incident was a hoax." He said he was not on the boat the day of the alleged incident. Based on his research and his interview of Charles Dahl, Hanohano says: "If there is a term that continually characterizes Fred Crisman, that term would be 'con man'". Hanonhano's professionalism is vouched for by respected researcher Jerome Clark, who briefly notes this Hanohano-Dahl interview in his excellent book Strange Skies.

More recent and further confirmation comes from Harold Dahl's daughter, Charles' sister, who also says that "nothing ever happened." She told a Seattle Post Intelligencer (Seattle PI) reporter on April 23, 2007 that her brother Charles did not have such an encounter.

Back in 1947 an informant for the FBI met with Dahl at his house. Dahl's wife was very upset and perplexed by her husband's tall tale and was heard to say "Quit lying about this!." She then attacked Dahl with a knife! Harold Dahl's behavior under Crisman's "spell" seemed to have brought them to the breaking point.

2. THE 1952 WASHINGTON D.C. CASE

1952 Washington flap July 19-20 At 11:40 p.m. on Saturday, July 19, 1952, Edward Nugent, an air traffic controller at Washington National Airport (today Ronald Reagan Washington National Airport), spotted seven objects on his radar. Harry Barnes, a senior air-traffic controller at the airport, watched the objects on Nugent's radarscope. He later wrote: We knew immediately that a very strange situation existed . . . their movements were completely radical compared to those of ordinary aircraft.[1] Barnes had two controllers check Nugent's radar; they found that it was working normally. Barnes then called National Airport's other radar center; the controller there, Howard Cocklin, told Barnes that he also had the objects on his radarscope. Furthermore, Cocklin said that by looking out of the control tower window he could see one of the objects, "a bright orange light. I can't tell what's behind it."[1] At this point, other objects appeared in all sectors of the radarscope; when they moved over the White House and the United States Capitol, Barnes called Andrews Air Force Base, located 10 miles from National Airport. Although Andrews reported that they had no unusual objects on their radar, an airman soon called the base's control tower to report the sighting of a strange object. Airman William Brady, who was in the tower, then saw an "object which appeared to be like an orange ball of fire, trailing a tail . . . [it was] unlike anything I had ever seen before." As Brady tried to alert the other personnel in the tower, the strange object "took off at an unbelievable speed." Meanwhile, another person in the National Airport control tower reported seeing "an orange disk about 3,000 feet altitude." On one of the airport's runways, S.C. Pierman, a Capital Airlines pilot, was waiting in the cockpit of his DC-4 for permission to take off. After spotting what he believed to be a meteor, he was told that the control tower's radar had picked up unknown objects closing in on his position. Pierman observed six objects — "white, tailless, fast-moving lights" — over a 14-minute period.[2] Pierman was in radio contact with Barnes during his sighting, and Barnes later related that "each sighting coincided with a pip we could see near his plane. When he reported that the light streaked off at a high speed, it disappeared on our scope." At Andrews Air Force Base, meanwhile, the control tower personnel were tracking on radar what some thought to be unknown objects, but others suspected, and in one instance were able to prove, were simply stars and meteors. However, Staff Sgt. Charles Davenport observed an orange-red light to the south; the light "would appear to stand still, then make an abrupt change in direction and altitude . . . this happened several times."[2] At one point both radar centers at National Airport and the radar at Andrews Air Force Base were tracking an object hovering over a radio beacon. The object vanished in all three radar centers at the same time.[3]At 3 a.m., shortly before two United States Air Force F-94 Starfire jet fighters from New Castle Air Force Base in Delaware arrived over Washington, all of the objects vanished from the radar at National Airport. However, when the jets ran low on fuel and left, the objects returned, which convinced Barnes that "the UFOs were monitoring radio traffic and behaving accordingly." [4] The objects were last detected by radar at 5:30 a.m. Around sunrise, E.W. Chambers, a civilian radio engineer in Washington's suburbs, claimed to observe "five huge disks circling in a loose formation. They tilted upward and left on a steep ascent." There were also witnesses who claimed to see structured craft and not merely "glows" or bright lights. On July 19 an Army artillery officer, Joseph Gigandet, was sitting on the front porch of his home in Alexandria, Virginia, across the Potomac River from Washington. At 9:30 p.m. he claimed to see "a red cigar-shaped object" which sailed slowly over his house. Gigandet estimated the object's size as comparable to a DC-7 airplane at about 10,000 feet altitude; he also claimed that the object had a "series of lights very closely set together" on its sides. The object eventually flew back over his house a second time, it then turned a deeper red color and moved over the city of Washington itself; this occurred less than two hours before Edward Nugent first spotted the unknown objects on his radar at Washington National. Gigandet claimed that his neighbor, an FBI agent, also saw the object.[35] Events of July 26–27 At 8:15 p.m. on Saturday, July 26, 1952, a pilot and stewardess on a National Airlines flight into Washington observed some strange lights above their plane. Within minutes, both radar centers at National Airport, and the radar at Andrews AFB, were tracking more unknown objects. A master sergeant at Andrews visually observed the objects; he later said that "these lights did not have the characteristics of shooting stars. There was [sic] no trails . . . they traveled faster than any shooting star I have ever seen." [9] Meanwhile, Albert M. Chop, the press spokesman for Project Blue Book, arrived at National Airport and, due to security concerns, denied several reporters' requests to photograph the radar screens. He then joined the radar center personnel.[10] By this time (9:30 p.m.) the radar center was picking up unknown objects in every sector. At times the objects traveled slowly; at other times they reversed direction and moved across the radarscope at speeds calculated at 7,000 mph. At 11:30 p.m., two U.S. Air Force F-94 Starfire jet fighters from New Castle Air Force Base in Delaware arrived over Washington. Captain John McHugo, the flight leader, was vectored towards the radar blips but saw nothing, despite repeated attempts.[11] However, his wingman, Lieutenant William Patterson, did see four white "glows" and chased them. Suddenly, the "glows" appeared to turn and surround his fighter. Patterson asked the control tower at National Airport what he should do; according to Chop, the tower's answer was "stunned silence". According to Patterson, the four "glows" then sped away from his jet and disappeared.[12] After midnight on July 27, Major Dewey Fournet, Project Blue Book's liaison at the Pentagon, and Lieutenant John Holcomb, a United States Navy radar specialist, arrived at the radar center at National Airport.[13] During the night, Lieutenant Holcomb received a call from the Washington National Weather Station. They told him that a slight temperature inversion was present over the city, but Holcomb felt that the inversion was not "nearly strong enough to explain the 'good and solid' returns" on the radarscopes.[14] Fournet relayed that all those present in the radar room were convinced that the targets were most likely caused by solid metallic objects. There had been weather targets on the scope too, he said, but this was a common occurrence and the controllers "were paying no attention to them."[15]Two more F-94s from New Castle Air Force Base were scrambled during the night. One pilot saw nothing unusual; the other pilot moved towards a white light which "vanished" when he closed in. A Capital Airlines flight leaving Washington spotted "odd lights" which remained visible for about twelve minutes.[16] As on July 20, the sightings and unknown radar returns ended at sunrise. Almost from the moment of General Samford's press conference, eyewitnesses, UFO researchers, and Air Force personnel came forward to criticize the temperature inversion/mirage explanation. Capt.Ruppelt of Project Grudge, which became Blue Book that same year, himself discovered that "hardly a night passed in June, July, and August in 1952 that there wasn't a [temperature] inversion in Washington, yet the slow-moving, solid radar targets appeared on only a few nights. Dr. James E. McDonald, a physicist at the University of Arizona and a prominent ufologist in the 1960s, did his own analysis of the Washington sightings. After interviewing four pilot eyewitnesses and five radar personnel, McDonald argued that the Air Force explanation was "physically impossible."[36] Harry Barnes told McDonald that the radar targets "were not shapeless blobs such as one gets from ground returns under anomalous propagation", and that he was certain the unknown radar blips were solid targets; Howard Cocklin agreed with Barnes The Robertson Panel[edit] The extremely high numbers of UFO reports in 1952 disturbed both the Air Force and the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA). Both groups felt that an enemy nation could deliberately flood the U.S. with false UFO reports, causing mass panic and allowing them to launch a sneak attack. On September 24, 1952, the CIA's Office of Scientific Intelligence (OSI) sent a memorandum to Walter B. Smith, the CIA's Director. The memo stated that "the flying saucer situation . . . have national security implications . . . [in] the public concern with the phenomena . . . lies the potential for the touching-off of mass hysteria and panic."[37] ME: So I believe that this is what lead the US military and CIA etc. to cover up all future evidence of UFOs, to this day. The result of this memorandum was the creation in January 1953 of the Robertson Panel. Dr. Howard P. Robertson, a physicist, chaired the panel, which consisted of prominent scientists and which spent four days examining the "best" UFO cases collected by Project Blue Book. The panel dismissed nearly all of the UFO cases it examined as not representing anything unusual or threatening to national security. In the panel's controversial estimate, the Air Force and Project Blue Book needed to spend less time analyzing and studying UFO reports and more time publicly debunking them. The panel recommended that the Air Force and Project Blue Book should take steps to "strip the Unidentified Flying Objects of the special status they have been given and the aura of mystery they have unfortunately acquired."[38]Following the panel's recommendation, Project Blue Book would rarely publicize any UFO case that it had not labeled as "solved"; unsolved cases were rarely mentioned by the Air Force.

3. THE RB-47 PACING CASE

In Sept 1957 an RB47 quadruple jet reconnaissance bomber flew from Mississipi thru Lousiana and TX into South Oklahoma. This classic case occurred over four states and took quite some time even at the speeds a six-jet-engined B-47 flew. This case has been reported in many places (e.g. Jenny Randles’ excellent book UFO Reality (1983) and scientist Roy Craig's insightful UFOs: An Insider's View of the Official Quest for Evidence (1995) and in an episode of the television series UFO Hunters, which contained information from experts to dispel the hypothesis that the whole saga was due to radar malfunctioning.) Suffice it to say here that the bomber crew saw the object many times both visually and on radar, and the air base they were heading to also tracked it on radar. Whenever the UFO "winked out" visually, it also went off the radar screens. The UFO at times flew behind, beside and in front of the RB-47. Initially it made a head-on pass at an incredible speed and nearly missed the RB-47.

However I have now found out from http://badufos.blogspot.ca/2012/01/rb-47-encounter-of-1957-ufologys-best.html that a) there was no official report made (or if there was it was lost) and the story came instead from ten year old memories of the crew, and b) the UFO was emitting S band radar pulses, the very same type emitted by the RB-47. Moreover per Tim Printy who in 2011 devoted at lot of time and effort to this, there is a reasonable chance the signals were not coming from any UFO but from Kessler AFB in Mississippi when maintenance technicians tested the machines overnight to ensure they were operable for the next day's training sessions. This is a more likely explanation than assuming an alien space ship used the same radar band as the 1957 RB-47. Also here is an excellent point that someone with the web name "Sabre" posted on 1 August 2012 and to which no one has been able to make a rebuttal or even a comment in nearly five years: Maybe this was addressed elsewhere and I just missed it...but why weren't fighters launched to intercept the "craft"? A military craft over the US is followed by an unknown object for two hours during the Cold War and no one goes up to see what it is?

4. Shag Harbour NOVA SCOTIA 1967

This is probably the first USO case, at least reported by several witnesses. Local residents noticed four strange orange lights in the sky on the night of October 4, 1967. Five teenagers watched these lights flash in sequence, and then suddenly dive in a 45 degree angle toward the water's surface. The lights seemed to float on the water, approximately one-half mile from the shore. The witnesses at first thought they were watching an airplane crash, and so reported that to the Royal Canadian Mounted Police, Coincidently, RCMP Constable Ron Pound had already witnessed the strange lights himself as he drove down Highway 3 en route to Shag Harbour. Pound thought he was seeing four lights, all attached to one flying craft about 60 feet long. Pound made his way to the shore to get a closer look, accompanied by two other officers and curious local residents. Pound saw a yellow light slowly moving on the water, leaving a yellowish foam in its wake. The object either moved out of sight on the surface, or slowly sank into the ocean. A Coast Guard Cutter and several local fishing boats rushed to the scene but by the time they arrived, the light was gone, leaving only the yellow foam, so the search was eventually abandoned. The next day a Cdn navy ship sent divers down but they found nothing.

In 1993 MUFON investigators Don Ledger and Chris Styles found out that the object had moved underwater about 25 miles to Government Point which was near a secret (in 1967) Cdn-US submarine detection facility. Supposedy the object was tracked on sonar and navy ships were positioned over it. About two days later another sonar blip seemed to indicate a second USO had joined the first. After a week, most of the navy ships had to leave to investigate a possible Russian submarine entering Cdn waters, and then allegedly the two USOs moved Southwest toward Maine. According to some witnesses they were seen to fly out of the ocean and off into the sky. I am somewhat skeptical of the latter part of the saga but the rest is well documented.

5. Stefan MICHALAK, Falcon Lake Manitoba Canada

I tried to find out online if perhaps what the drunken prospector say was an evolution of the A.V. Roe Avrocar, since the area is close to Winnipeg Canada where there is an RCAF base and close to the US border where there were air bases at Cavalier and Grand Forks. The US Army had taken over funding of the Canadian Avrocar project (it also had a Project Silver Bug which is thought to be related of not the same thing) and maybe what Michalak saw was a prototype of a much better performing version as the original 1959 one was a failure and could not really fly, just hover out of control. Maybe by 1967 it had been perfected? However there was no evidence of such and the few photos of the successors (which I can no linger find online and forgot the name of MX something) did not show any grill shaped exhaust ports, but let me know if you find any. The only reason I even gave that much time to this zany story is because of the location and because Michalak said he heard the pilots speaking to each other (not him) in English whereas you would expect if it was supposed to be an alien craft they would speak in what would sound like jibberish to us.

The rest of this is taken almost ver batim and with great thanks to: http://www.theironskeptic.com/articles/michalak/michalak.htm

Prospector Stephen Michalak of Winnipeg, was near Falcon Lake, Manitoba, in May 1967 prospecting when he claims he encountered two UFOs. The closest UFO landed on a large, flat rock about 160 feet away from him. This UFO was making a hissing sound and a whirring noise, and it gave off a sulphurous smell. Michalak stood still and sketched the object. After awhile a door opened in the side of the object, and Michalak moved closer, and heard two voices talking inside. One voice had an upper class English accent. Michalak called out in English. Then thinking maybe it was a Soviet rather than American or English or Canadian secret craft he yelled out in Russian. There was no response, so he tried Russian, German, Italian, French, and Ukrainian. Still no reply. Michalak then approached the open door and stuck his head inside. There he saw a maze of lights on what appeared to be a panel, and beams of light in horizontal and diagonal patterns and a cluster of lights flashing in a random sequence "like on a computer." Not seeing anyone, he pulled back and waited. Suddenly, the opening closed. Michalak then examined the surface of the object, noting that it was like highly polished colored glass with no breaks or seams. He touched it, and it melted his glove. Then the object moved, and something like an exhaust vent was now in front of him. A blast of hot gas shot from the vent, setting his shirt and hat on fire, and leaving small square burn marks on his stomach in the shape of a waffle griddle about 6” X 9’” which were supposedly from the exhaust vent which had that same holes . He looked up in time to see the craft depart like the first. He then walked back toward his motel.

Here’s where the first of very many inconsistencies in his story appears. He, and his supporters, state that he walked back to the motel. On the way he tried to solicit help from a policeman, who either a) ignored him and drove straight past, or b) drove past him, turned around, and upon hearing the story, drove off. I call this inconsistent because [in actual fact] the Royal Canadian Mounted Policeman who supposedly “drove by” Michalak produced a detailed report. In his version of events, Michalak flags him down. [to quote and paraphrase from the report] The officer asks what is wrong, and Michalak states that the officer ought to stay away because he may be radioactive or contagious or something. The officer noted that although he couldn’t smell alcohol on Michalak, he looked rather drunk, with bloodshot eyes. He also refused to answer direct questions coherently. He showed the Mountie his burned hat, but when the officer asked him why his head was not burned, he refused to answer. He also refused to allow the officer to look at his shirt, which the Mountie had noted was burned. Michalak appeared to have, in the words of the police report, “had taken a black substances, possibly wood ashes, and rubbed it on his chest.” Michalak would not allow the officer to get close enough to see whether or not he was really burned, and when he was asked questions like “if touching the spaceship was hot enough to melt your glove, why isn’t your hand burned?” he refused to answer. He was kind enough to make a sketch of the spaceship for the officer, despite the fact that he claims he made one while actually at the lake. Why didn't he just pull that one out and show it to the Mountie? Just another unanswered, unanswerable, question. The officer offered to give Michalak a ride, which he refused. According to the badly burned man, he then walked to his motel, was afraid that he would expose others to radiation if he went in, and instead hung out in the forest outside for a while. Around 4pm, the pain got so bad that he went in and asked for a doctor, only to hear that the nearest doctor was 45 miles away. Insert scathing comment about Socialized Healthcare here. So he took a bus back home. But before that, like all good UFO witnesses, he called a newspaper, and asked them for a “ride home, but no publicity.” Once home, he spent a few weeks recovering, eventually getting back his strength an appetite (he claims to have lost roughly 20 pounds in 2 weeks), although he was left with occasional blackouts. The burns on his upper chest and forehead healed quickly, but those on his stomach faded, came back, faded, and came back repeatedly. He was looked at by a bevy of doctors and a few psychologists, who came to the conclusion that he was relatively free of mental defect. It should be noted here that the RCMP and investigators wanted to see the alien landing site. They took Michalak out into the forest, but he was unable to find the site, which, quite rightly, made the investigators suspicious. Later he contacted them again, claiming that he'd found the site on his own, and recovered his tape measure, some soil samples, and so on. Later in this article, when the question of radiation is raised, bear in mind that all of the soil samples that tested positive for radioactive were gathered by Michalak himself. He would have had ample time to, shall we say, fiddle about with them. Later on, investigators talked with Michalak, and one of them became, for some unknown reason, totally convinced that the man had suffered a booze-induced hallucination, and perhaps injured himself in some clumsy, probably hilariously slapstick, manner. The UFO enthusiasts instantly leap on this fact like hyenas on a wounded turkey. The official investigators were biased, they say. They had already made up their minds, they say. But here are the simple facts relating to the case: Michalak claimed that not only had he not been drinking on the day of the encounter, but he had not drank any alcohol, at all, all weekend. A quick check with the local bartender confirmed that, the night before the encounter, Michalak had come in and had at least 5 bottles of beer. When returning to the site with investigators, they stopped at a bar and he had quite a few “Presbyterians”, a drink made with Rye Whiskey and a 50/50 ginger ale/water. But, I assure you, he is not to blame: some research performed shortly before I wrote this sentence indicates that Presbyterians are delicious. Anyway, the thing that I don’t understand is why Michalak would so adamantly deny his drinking habits. All he had to say was “I’d had some beer the night before, but that’s not related to this.” But instead, he steadfastly denied it, even in the face of the bartender who’d served him. (Coincidentally, the UFO enthusiast will go on at great length about how the bartender was never shown to truly be a ‘reliable witness.’ He’s making the claim that a guy drank some beer; I don’t need a full background check to believe he might be telling the truth. In fact, compared to the guy claiming he was set on fire by space people, he seems a veritable font of veracity.) One thing that UFO enthusiasts like to harp on is the fact that several times, Michalak was shown to have slightly higher than normal radiation levels, as though he’d been irradiated by whatever the hot exhaust gas was. What they don’t ever mention is that the investigator eventually determined that his watch had the same level of radiation. Back then, watch faces were painted with a paint containing radium, to make them glow faintly in the dark and be easier to read. He brought several teams of investigators there a number of times. On one occasion, Michalak claimed to have found a number of pieces of “strange metal” in a crevasse near the supposed landing site. After analysis, the metal itself was non-radioactive, similar in composition to commercially available sterling silver, and covered in a thin layer of sand. Anyway, the story doesn’t end with Michalak’s recovery from illness. Not by a long shot. Supposedly, they had been found under a few inches of dirt, and although Michalak had “many more” samples, he provided investigators with only a cursory glance at a few of them.

6. THE COYNE HELICOPTER CASE

Mansfield Ohio 1973, US Army Reserver Capt. Lawrence Coyne was a member of the 316th Medical Detachment stationed at Cleveland Hopkins Airport. He was returning from Columbus Ohio at 11:10 p.m., Oct. 18,1973 when the UFO showed up near where the Air National Guard has a squadron of jet fighters based. Coyne said a red light appeared on the eastern horizon, and was first spotted by his crew chief, Sgt. Robert Yanacsek. "We looked up and saw it stopped right over us," Coyne said. "It had a big, gray metallic-looking hull about 60 feet long." "It was shaped like an airfoil or a streamlined fat cigar. There was a red light on the front. The leading edge glowed red a short distance back from the nose. There was a center dome. A green light at the rear reflected on the hull." Coyne said the green light swiveled like a spotlight and beamed through the canopy of his craft, bathing the cabin in green light. He said as he and members of the crew stared at the craft his helicopter began to climb without his guidance. "The light was traveling in excess of 600 knots," Coyne said. "It came from the horizon to our aircraft in about 10 seconds. We were on a collision course." The pilot said he put his helicopter into a dive. "At 1,700 feet I braced myself for the impact with the other craft," he said. "It was coming from our right side. I was scared. There had been so little time to respond. The thing was terrifically fast. "I had made no attempt to pull up," he said. "All controls were set for a 20-degree dive. Yet we had climbed from 1,700 to 3,500 feet with no power in a couple of seconds with no g-forces or other noticeable strains." Then the crew felt a slight bump and normal control was resumed Coyne said the UFO finally moved off to the west and was gone. He said a check turned up that none of the unit's F-100 Super Saber Jets were in the air when the UFO appeared. Coyne said when he first encountered the UFO, his helicopter was cruising at 2,500 feet. He had the controls set for a 20-degree dive, but the craft climbed to 3,500 feet with no power. The magnetic compass in the Huey was permanently ruined and had to be replaced. Apparent ground witnesses to this event have been found by William E. Jones and Warren Nicholson, independent UFO researchers from Columbus, Ohio. Mrs. E. C. and four adolescents were driving south from Mansfield to their rural home on October 18, 1973, at approximately 11 P.M., when they were attracted to a single steady bright red light. flying south "at medium altitude." They watched for perhaps half a minute until it disappeared to the south over the trees. Approximately five minutes later, now driving east on Route 430, approaching the Charles Mill Reservoir, the family became aware of two bright lights - red and green - descending rapidly toward them from the southeast. When first seen, the angular distance between the lights was about 2 degrees; the red light appeared to be leading. Mrs. C. pulled over to the shoulder of the deserted road and kept the engine and car lights running. The lights - bigger than point sources - slowed and moved as a unit to the right of the car and the family became aware of yet another group of lights - some of these flashing - and "a beating sound, a lot of racket" approaching from the southwest. Two of the children (cousins, both age thirteen) jumped from the car and observed both a helicopter and the object, which they described as "like a blimp," "as big as a school bus," "sort of pear shaped." The object at that point subtended an angle equivalent to "a 100-mm cigarette box held at arm's length." The object assumed a hovering position over the helicopter, an estimated 500 feet back from the road and 500 feet above the trees. (The ground elevation at the site is almost exactly 1,000 feet above sea level; thus at the noted 1,700-foot altimeter reading, the helicopter was actually about 650 feet above the trees.) The object's green light then flared up. "It was like rays coming down," the witnesses said. The helicopter, the trees, the road, the car - everything turned green." The kids scrambled with fright back into the car and Mrs. C. proceeded. The ground witnesses reported that the unidentified object crossed to the north side of the road behind the car, appeared to move eastward for a few seconds, then reversed its direction and climbed toward the northwest towards Mansfield - a flight path which correlates perfectly the motion of the object established through analysis of the aircrew's report.

7. TRAVIS WALTON 1975

I copy from http://www.debunker.com/texts/walton.html because it carries an introduction by Robert Sheaffer, respected author of The UFO Verdict (1981). The actual content of the web page (downloaded 16 May 2011) is from a reporter named Jeff Wells who was among the first on the scene, representing the National Enquirer which had offered a $10,000 prize for a genuine UFO encounter. (Wells’ article “The selling of the Travis Walton ‘Abduction’ story’ can be found on several websites; not just the one with Sheaffer’s introduction.) According to Wells, Walton failed the first lie detector test miserably. Two psychiatrists arrived [it seems to this author from cross referencing many sources that one was not a psychiatrist but was James Harder, a fundamentalist professor of engineering at Berkeley] and got drunk with Travis and from interviewing him with his defences down and his candor up, ascertained that “It seemed that the kid's father, who had deserted them as a child, had been a spaceship fanatic and all his life the kid had wanted to ride in a spacecraft. He had seen something out there in the woods, some kind of an eerie light which had triggered a powerful hallucination which might recur at any time. There was no question of any kidnap by any mushroom men. ... The kid needed medical help ... The CBS crew had left in disgust and I [Jeff Wells] sat down to detail everything that had happened in a 16-page memorandum designed to kill the story. It was all over. I [Jeff Wells] paid the $2000 hotel bill - including a mammoth bar tab to which the psychiatrists had contributed nobly ... “ Thus the reporter concluded the story was one of human interest about a sad family with resulting psychological problem for young Travis Walton, and a desire to collect $10,000 (worth about $75,000 in today’s dollars), Also see http://skeptoid.com/episodes/4094, and http://j_kidd.tripod.com/b/218.html for damning indictments of Walton’s credibility.

8. THE CASH LANDRUM CASE

Dec. 29, 1980 near Houston TX. Hoax: http://badufos.blogspot.ca/2013/11/between-beer-joint-and-some-kind-of.html (burns were not the radioactive type, Radiation oncologist and APRO consultant Dr. Richard Niemtzow reviewed my findings and agreed that the symptoms did not match those expected for ionizing radiation syndrome. Cash would not reveal her medical records, her car was not produced as evidence, no evidence that almost two dozen let alone any military helicopters were in the air at that place and time, no other witnesses, Cash and Landrum could not recall exactly where the event took place While we were discussing this case via email, Gary Posner wrote, "I recall a photo being shown [on the April 1, 1982, edition of ABC-TV's That's Incredible] of Betty's arms, with discrete, round, sunburn-type rashes that immediately caused me to suspect that she had created them by covering her arms with a garment containing circular cutouts and then exposing herself to sunlight (or a sunlamp)." There is no way that such discrete, round patterns could be produced by radiation from a distant object. What Dr. Posner is suggesting is that, like religious zealots of yore who fabricated their own symptoms of "stigmata," Betty Cash created the discrete, round "radiation burn" patterns on her arms to be able to display impressive symptoms to her doctors. Medical science has a term for this kind of behavior: "Münchausen syndrome is a psychiatric disorder wherein those affected feign disease, illness, or psychological trauma to draw attention, sympathy, or reassurance to themselves.” The fact Cash and Landrum sued the federal government for $20M suggests another motive for the hoax. Cash was after cash.

9. THE RENDLESHAM FOREST CASE

Rendlesham forest, SE England Dec. 26 and 28, 1980. Around 3 a.m on 1980 December 26 a bright meteor fireball burned up over southern England. USAF security guards at the twin bases of Bentwaters and Woodbridge (which is near the SE coast of England NE of London, straight North of Calais France and due West of The Hague in Holland) saw bright lights descending into the adjacent Rendlesham Forest. At the same time, Staff Sgt. Bud Steffens and Airman John Burroughs were the first to see what they thought was a plane crash. They saw white, blue and red lights in the forest. When Sgt Jim Penniston and Airman Cabansag arrived, Steffens, who has never been involved in the subsequent investigations told them that an object had landed not crashed. Then Master Sgt Chandler arrived. The four military policemen then went out into the forest and all of their radios were acting up, so they formed a chain to relay information with Penniston at the front, then Burroughs, then Cabansag and finally Chandler at the rear with the radio on the jeep to contact the bases. They saw various colors of flashing lights between the trees, Sgt. Penniston and Airman Burroughs felt they were in a bubble of static electricity and felt like they were wading thru water. They reached a very small clearing, brightly lit. Then there was as silent explosion of light. From their training, the two men threw themselves on the ground. Penniston looked over to his right and saw Burroughs engulfed in a beam of light. Penniston looked in front and saw or thought he saw a sphere of light resolved itself into a triangular flying craft. Each side was about 3 meters or 9 feet long and the height was about 3 meter including a kind of mini-pyramid which was located on top . It was either hovering or resting on the ground. There were blue lights around the edge and a white light on top. He said [told researcher Georgina Bruni p. 174] there was a flashing red light on the right and a flashing blue on the left. The underside was illuminated by a solid blue glow. I would mention that man-made flying machines have a red light on the left, not the right side, and a green, not blue, one on the right. Penniston took photos and made some notes in his notebook, including a few sketches.

According to the official reports Penniston never got more than within 50 meters of the craft but elsewhere and to this day he says he went to the object and walked around it two or three times and touched it. He noticed some sort of logo and insignia on the side (which he drew clearly). These symbols were slightly elevated and felt sandpapery while the rest of the craft was very smooth. When he touched them the white light flared up so intensely and when he removed his hand the light dimmed. During all this time Burroughs was apparently unconscious or stunned or paralyzed by fear. John says all he saw was a bright red sphere. and Cabansag, according to his report of a week later, saw, just for a moment out of the corner of his eye, the object spin a quarter turn and disappear almost instantly. Years later he told Bruni that what he saw was conical or egg shaped, that what he saw was low down but not landed on the ground and it had white, blue and red lights flashing, and flakes of metal were falling off it. He said he had better than average vision and the object was silver colored. He was able to distinguish the yellowish light from the Orfordness light house. So we have three witnesses.

Then Penniston saw the craft rise up, at various angles slowly maneuvering between the trees which were close together then when it had cleared the tree canopy it shot off in an instant. Penniston wrote in his notebook “speed – impossible”. After the craft shot off, Burroughs seemed to recover and the two men saw other lights close to the horizon and went looking, at one point they thought the strange object was so close it would land again but it didn’t.. It went E over the coast.

As the men gave up and were coming back they passed thru the clearing, and noticed three indentations in a triangular pattern. The ground was nearly frozen and the indents were 1.5 “ deep and about 7” across. . They also noticed that branches had been broken around the inner edges of the clearing. When they got back their watches showed the times being 45 min earlier than everyone else’s.

The lights had been seen by the Bentwaters control tower and others on the bases. Shortly after two British police officers investigated and found nothing, but early in the same morning another "Bobby" and one Capt Mike Verrano went back and also saw the indentations.

Later in the a.m. of Dec. 26, Major Edward Dury and Capt Verrano went into the forest and called Penniston and Burroughs to join them. The latter two lead the former to the clearing. Also called was an AF photographer named Gulyas.

After Dury and Verrano got back to base, Verrano was ordered back to rendezvous with a British Bobby who had one back to see if he had missed anything.

After everyone left, Penniston could not sleep and went back and took plaster casts of the indents. The official photos taken by Gulyas supposedly came out “fogged” just like all the others taken during those days which were processed at the base. Photos of Dury and the British cop taken by Gulyas and apparently developed elsewhere came out. Gulyas made his own plaster casts. Incidentally skeptics say these marks were rabbit scratchings but keep in mind the ground was nearly frozen and the marks were in an almost perfect triangle pattern and looked so similar that two men were inspired to take plaster casts. As far as I can tell the indents had a race course shape.

That evening, Dec. 26th, another security crew, this on D-flight reported a fiery red/orange light descending into the woods, surrounded by a white-blue corona. When men from that group went into the woods they saw red, green and white lights which seemed to go off and then on at another point.

When a search party went out a blue light went thru one of the jeeps and all power failed.

At 9 am of Dec 27, Penniston was questioned by Woodbridge base commander Col. Ted Conrad and then AFOSI agents.

On the evening of the 27th of Dec., strange lights reappeared In the very early morning of the 28th, a security sergeant at the Bentwaters base tower named Sgt. Bobo saw a huge circular ship with blue and red and white flashing lights hovering for hours in the forest near Woodridge and that something came out of it and landed in the forest.

Perhaps because of this being reported, in the early morning of the 28th another search party went out, this one lead by Lt Col. Charles Halt. This consisted of different airman than 48 hours earlier but John Burroughs went out to join them on his own initiative. Halt made audio tape recordings every few minutes ending up with 18 minutes worth of script, although he later told Bruni there were 4 or 5 more hours that no one would ever hear. She thought AFOSI had confiscated them and edited them down to 18 minutes. At the beginning of the search the men had great trouble getting their large searchlights, called light-alls, to function. This excitement which could be followed over the base radio, caused other airman to listen in or climb the tower to watch or to wander out and watch.

Halt became too impatient to get the light all generator engines re-fuelled and his small party went off in the dark. One of the men with Halt brought along a Geiger counter and took radiation readings, which skeptics say were background levels or the instrument was miscalibrated, but they did show higher readings the closer one got to the center of the triangular marks and also on the trees where the bark had been rubbed off. Skeptics say these were just marks made by workers who had marked the trees for cutting. At the clearing, the audiotape indicate Halt remarking that on the ground were branches on the ground which had fallen from 15-20’ up. Then the local animals (now realized to be a species of deer who bark in a high tone) made a lot of noise and Halt saw a small red light flashing between the trees. However Lt. Englund said it was yellow. Then several in the group said they could see pieces of it shooting off. At this point Halt says he thinks the lights are 2-300 yards away and one has a black center like a pupil winking and seemed to be dripping molten metal. It seems like the lighthouse beam except for the dripping.

As they pass a farm house, Halt reports up to five lights with a similar shape, now more steady and less pulsating. These may have been stars and/or planets and/or the Shipwash ship lighthouse. The flickering could be due to clouds passing by. Then he describes another light which sounds like it was the Orfordness light house light.

Then 20 minutes later he mentions strobe-like flashes and then to the North, two strange objects half moon shape, dancing about with colored lights on them, then the half moons turn into full spheres, (could have been due to looking through binoculars).

Minutes later he says they see another object ten degrees to the SW, and mentions that the lights in the North are moving away.

Up to this point the skeptics may be right about misinterpreting natural objects. Skeptics say that all that the Halt party were seeing was the beam from the lighthouse on the coast, the twinkling of stars including Sirius, the brightest in the sky, lights from the Shipwash light ship, etc. However how could bits of the yellow or red light be flying off?

But then Halt and another say they see a light coming toward them from the South, stopping overhead at 2-3000' and a beam from it shot down to the ground. Later he explained that it was a very thin diameter beam like a laser and it stuck a point in the ground only about ten feet from them and really scared them. Obviously nothing natural. Later on the tape he mentions that the object from the South was still beaming a light down, and that one object was still hovering over the Woodbridge base, moving erratically, and similar lights. Again prosaic explanations fail here.

Airman Burroughs reports even more bizarre happenings. He says a blue transparent light came streaking toward them and then a white object appeared above and floated down in the distance. As they went toward it, it seemed to be coming toward them. Sgt Bustinza on his right threw himself on the ground, and saw Burroughs go into the light and disappear He saw the light explode and Burroughs was gone for several minutes before he reappeared. Just like the incident of two nights earlier, he has no recollection of what happened when he was enveloped in the bright light. Sgt Bustinza told a researcher [G. Bruni, p.72] that a red ball of light exploded in a blinding flash with shards of light falling onto a yellow mist on the ground. Then he could see an object that looked like a soluble aspirin, i.e. circular.

I do think that some of what the men saw was the lighthouse because they themselves in their reports often mentioned it, sometimes being mislead by it and then realizing their error. Plus lighthouses don’t move around, create static electricity fields, burst into bits, soar into the sky etc. Even Mr Vance Thirkettle who first came out with the lighthouse and rabbit scratching explanation later said they had been overdone by skeptics.

On the morning of Dec. 29 Penniston and Burroughs were interrogated by AFOSI and other non-USAF agents which they think were DIA and/or NSA. Col. Halt took sworn statements only from the five men who were out in the first night, Dec. 26. These statements are dated Jan. 2, a week after the incident. I presume he did not get statements about Dec. 28 because he was there an saw it first hand and had his tape recorder. Because of a legal requirement around US bases on British soil, (the bases were actually built by the Brits during WW II) on January the 13th Col. Halt wrote to the RAF Squadron Leader summarizing the events. He titled it “unexplained lights” rather than UFO and said the first event was Dec. 27 when it was Dec. 26.

Were it not for a researcher getting this memo from a freedom of information search, the case would likely not have become famous. Speaking of access to government information, in March of 2011 when the UK’s National Archives and UFOologists including me tried to access the MOD records for 1980-82 after the MOD had promised to release all their UFO data, we found that all the information had mysteriously disappeared. The information before and after was there but not for the critical time, and even the authorization slips that say when and on whose order the files were shredded were absent.

There were other witnesses who were not officially part of the USAF. The wife of one of the AFOSI agents who grilled witnesses told G. Bruni that during that Xmas week she was driving toward Woodbridge and a large round brightly lit UFO passed over her car. This was only found out years later by Bruni. When she told her husband he insisted it was a helicopter.

Local resident Roy Webb told Bruni that very early in the morning of Dec. 26 he and his wife and daughter were driving toward Woodbridge when they saw a UFO that was globe shaped, red , almost stationary, and which suddenly disappeared.

According to a woman Marjorie Wright, her father Bertie Coleman saw a huge bright object travelling thru the sky which had caused his dog to tremble and its fair stand up. Keep in mind there was a fireball meteor that night.

Gordon Levitt saw a glowing green light moving across the sky on the 28th or 29th. Gerry Harris lived near Woodbridge and just after midnight on Xmas eve or the evening of the 26th saw lights bobbing up and down in the forest. One dropped down into the woods and later shot out of the forest at a tremendous speed. This sounds like the one Burroughs and the 4 others saw on the 26th.

Gary Collins was at the local bar The Swan with four friends who were USAF security men one evening, Bruni does not specify the date, I suspect Dec. 26 th or 28th, when their pagers went off and they quickly left.

As he was riding his motorcycle home about 11:30 he heard a faint humming sound and looked up to see an UFO that was about 30’ long, hovering about 60’ above him. It was triangular, black and dripping liquid, as if ice were melting. Then it took off at a tremendous speed and seemed to crash into the forest.

10. THE JAPAN AIRLINES ALASKA CASE

from https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Japan_Air_Lines_flight_1628_incident On November 17, 1986, the Japanese crew of a JAL Boeing 747 cargo freighter witnessed three unidentified objects after sunset, while flying over eastern Alaska, USA. The objects seemed to prefer the cover of darkness to their left, and to avoid the brighter skies to their right.[8] At least the first two of the objects were observed by all three crew members: Captain Kenju Terauchi(Japanese: 寺内謙寿), an ex-fighter pilotwith more than 10,000 hours flight experience,[1] in the cockpit's left-hand seat; co-pilotTakanori Tamefuji(為藤隆憲) in the right-hand seat; and flight engineer Yoshio Tsukuba(佃善雄).[9] The routine cargo flight entered Alaska on auto-pilot, cruising at 565 mph (909 km/h) at an altitude of 35,000 ft (11,000 m).[5] At 5:09 PM, the Anchorage ATC advised a new heading towards Talkeetna, Alaska. Two objects[edit] As soon as JAL 1628 straightened out of its turn, at 05:11 PM, Captain Terauchi noticed two craft to his far left, and some 2,000 ft (610 m) below his altitude, which he assumed to be military aircraft. These were pacing his flight path and speed.[8] At 5:18 or 5:19 PM the two objects abruptly veered to a position about 500 ft (150 m) or 1,000 ft (300 m) in front of the aircraft, assuming a stacked configuration. In doing so they activated "a kind of reverse thrust, and [their] lights became dazzlingly bright".[1] To match the speed of the aircraft from their sideways approach, the objects displayed what Terauchi described as a disregard for inertia: "The thing was flying as if there was no such thing as gravity. It sped up, then stopped, then flew at our speed, in our direction, so that to us it [appeared to be] standing still. The next instant it changed course. ... In other words, the flying object had overcome gravity."[1] The "reverse thrust" caused a bright flare for 3 to 7 seconds,[8] to the extent that captain Terauchi could feel the warmth of their glows. Air traffic control was notified at this point (i.e. 5:19:15 PM), who could not confirm any traffic in the indicated position. After 3 to 5 minutes the objects assumed a side-to-side configuration, which they maintained for another 10 minutes. They accompanied the aircraft with an undulating motion, and some back and forth rotation of the jet nozzles, which seemed to be under automatic control,[8] causing them to flare with brighter or duller luminosity. Each object had a square shape, consisting of two rectangular arrays of what appeared to be glowing nozzles or thrusters, separated by a dark central section. Captain Terauchi speculated in his drawings, that the objects would appear cylindrical[5] if viewed from another angle, and that the observed movement of the nozzles could be ascribed to the cylinders' rotation. The objects left abruptly at about 5:23:13 PM, moving to a point below the horizon to the east.[8] Third object[edit] Where the first objects disappeared, Captain Terauchi now noticed a pale band of light that mirrored their altitude, speed and direction.[3] Setting their onboard radar scope to a 25 nautical miles (46 km) range, he confirmed an object in the expected 10 o'clock direction at about 7.5 nmi (13.9 km) distance,[4] and informed ATC of its presence. Anchorage found nothing on their radar, but Elmendorf ROCC, directly in his flight path, reported a "surge primary return" after some minutes.[3] As the city lights of Fairbanks began to illuminate the object, captain Terauchi believed to perceive the outline of a gigantic spaceship on his port side that was "twice the size of an aircraft carrier". It was however outside first officer Tamefuji's field of view.[12] Terauchi immediately requested a change of course to avoid it.[4] The object however followed him "in formation", or in the same relative position throughout the 45 degree turn, a descent from 35,000 to 31,000 ft, and a 360 degree turn.[13] The short-range radar at Fairbanks airport however failed to register the object.[3] Anchorage ATC offered military intervention, which was declined by the pilot, due to his knowledge of the Mantell incident.[4] The object was not noted by any of two planes which approached JAL 1628 to confirm its presence, by which time JAL 1628 had also lost sight of it. JAL 1628 arrived safely in Anchorage at 18:20. Aftermath[edit] Captain Terauchi cited in the official Federal Aviation Administration report that the object was a UFO. In December 1986, Terauchi gave an interview to two Kyodo News journalists. JAL soon grounded him for talking to the press, and moved him to a desk job. He was only reinstated as a pilot years afterwards, and retired eventually in north Kanto, Japan.[1] Kyodo News contacted Paul Steucke, the FAA public information officer in Anchorage on December 24, and received confirmation of the incident, followed by UPI on the 29th.[13][14] The FAA's Alaskan Region consulted John Callahan,[note 4] the FAA Division Chief of the Accidents and Investigations branch, as they wanted to know what to tell the media about the UFO.[15] John Callahan was unaware of any such incident, considering it a likely early flight of a stealth bomber, then in development. He asked the Alaskan Region to forward the relevant data to their technical center inAtlantic City, New Jersey, where he and his superior played back the radar data and tied it in with the voice tapes by videotaping the concurrent playbacks.[15] A day later at FAA headquarters they briefed Vice Admiral Donald D. Engen, who watched the whole video of over half an hour, and asked them not to talk to anybody until they were given the OK, and to prepare an encompassing presentation of the data for a group of government officials the next day.[16] The meeting was attended by representatives of the FBI, CIA and President Reagan’s Scientific Study Team, among others. Upon completion of the presentation, all present were told that the incident was secret and that their meeting "never took place". According to Callahan, the officials considered the data to represent the first instance of recorded radar data on a UFO, and they took possession of all the presented data.[15] John Callahan however managed to retain the original video, the pilot's report and the FAA's first report in his office.[16] The forgotten target print-outs of the computer data were also rediscovered, from which all targets can be reproduced that were in the sky at the time.[15] After a three-month investigation, the FAA formally released their results at a press conference held on March 5, 1987. Here Paul Steucke retracted earlier FAA suggestions that their controllers confirmed a UFO,[13] and ascribed it to a "split radar image" which appeared with unfortunate timing. He clarified that "the FAA [did] not have enough material to confirm that something was there", and though they were "accepting the descriptions by the crew" they were "unable to support what they saw".[12] The McGrath incident was revealed here amongst the ample set of documents supplied to the journalists. The sighting received special attention from the media,[17] as a supposed instance of the tracking of UFOs on both ground[13] and airborne radar, while being observed by experienced airline pilots, with subsequent confirmation by an FAA Division Chief. NEW: The FAA has concluded that the unidentified object on radar now appears to be an unexplained split image of the JAL Boeing 747 and not a separate object . The review of radar data indicates that no second object was present and represents a reversal of earlier FAA statements that a second object was confirmed on radar. "The bottom line is that this tells us that we don't have any radar confirmation of the object that the pilot said he saw," Philip J. Klass investigated, and soon CSICOP issued a Press Release, written by Klass (p. 7): At the time the UFO incident began near Ft. Yukon, the JAL airliner was flying south in twilight conditions so that an extremely bright Jupiter (-2.6 magnitude) would have been visible on the pilot's left-hand side, where he first reported seeing the UFO, according to Klass. Jupiter was only 10 degrees above the horizon, making it appear to the pilot to be at roughly his own 35,000 ft. altitude. Mars, slightly lower on the horizon, was about 20 degrees to the right of Jupiter but not as bright....Although the very bright Jupiter, and less bright Mars, had to be visible to JAL Capt. Kenjyu Terauchi, the pilot never once reported seeing either -- only a UFO Many of the colorful details of the incident carried by the news media, largely based on the six-week-old recollections of the pilot of JAL Flight 1628, are contradicted by a transcript of radio messages from the pilot to FAA controllers while the incident was in progress. For example, news media accounts quoting the 747 pilot said that when he executed a 360 degree turn, the UFO had followed him around the turn. But this claim is contrary to what the pilot told FAA controllers at the time. [end of Klass] Klass also wrote, The FAA data package reveals Terauchi to be a "UFO repeater," with two other UFO sightings prior to November 17, and two more this past January, which normally raises a "caution flag" for experienced UFO investigators. The JAL pilot is convinced that UFOs are extraterrestrial and when describing the light(s) Terauchi often used the term spaceship or mothership. Two other aircraft in the area that were vectored into the vicinity of the JAL 747 to try to spot the UFO he had been reporting were unable to see any such object... [Flight Engineer Yoshio Tsukuba] "was not sure whether the object was a UFO or not"... When the copilot [Takanori Tamefuji] was asked if he could distinguish these lights "as being different" from a star, he replied: "No." Schaeffer: While I tend to agree that moonlight reflecting off clouds would probably not make a very good "UFO" display [Klass’ later theory] , there are so many sources for 'lights in the sky' (including 'lights on the ground,' which Terauchi agreed with the FAA was an explanation for his January 11 UFO sighting) that once the main "UFO" has been demoted from a giant "mothership" to 'unexplained lights,' it no longer impresses us as much of a mystery. Even J. Allen Hynek was dismissive of 'lights in the sky' UFO reports. The bottom line is, Terauchi's own flight crew saw only 'lights,' and other aircraft checking out the situation saw nothing unusual. At one point late in the incident, approaching the lights of Fairbanks, he claims to have seen a huge UFO bigger than an aircraft carrier pacing the 747 and asked permission to turn to avoid it, but the rest of the crew said they did not see it. It turns out that Capt. Taurachi was a UFO repeater, he had reported UFOs twice before and did so after this one. So maybe it was not so cruel for JAL to ground him for several years.

11. BELGIUM 1990

Compilation from Wikipedia, outerplaces.com, ufoevidence.org The Belgian UFO wave began in November 1989. At dusk in the evening of 29th November, 1989, two Sergeant-Majors of the Belgian Gendarmerie who were on patrol on the road from Eupen to Kittenis in the Hautes Fagnes region of Belgium, noticed a phenomenon two hundred meters away on one side of the road. It was moving slowly and was some three hundred meters above a field. The events of 29 November would be documented by no less than thirty different groups of witnesses, and three separate groups of police officers. All reported a large object flying at low altitude. The craft was of a flat, triangular shape, with lights underneath. This giant craft did not make a sound as it slowly moved across the landscape of Belgium. There was free sharing of information as the Belgian populace tracked this craft as it moved from the town of Liege to the border of the Netherlands and Germany.[1] Though it spanned a number of months between the Fall of 1989 and Spring of 1990, the Belgian UFO wave, as many know it, centered around the events of March 30-31 1990. It was on this night that reports were made of three strange lights in the sky some 50km south of Belgium's capital, Brussels. At around 23:00 on 30 March, the supervisor for the Control Reporting Center (CRC) received reports that three unusual lights were seen moving towards Thorembais-Gembloux, which lies to the southeast of Brussels. The lights were reported to be brighter than stars, changing color between red, green and yellow, and appeared to be fixed at the vertices of an equilateral triangle. At this point, Glons CRC requested the Wavre gendarmerie send a patrol to confirm the sighting. Approximately 10 minutes later, a second set of lights was sighted moving towards the first triangle. By around 23:30, the Wavre gendarmerie had confirmed the initial sightings and Glons CRC had been able to observe the phenomenon on radar. During this time, the second set of lights, after some erratic manoeuvres, had also formed themselves into a smaller triangle. After tracking the targets and after receiving a second radar confirmation from the Traffic Center Control at Semmerzake, Glons CRC gave the order to scramble two F-16 fighters from Beauvechain Air Base shortly before midnight. Throughout this time, the phenomenon was still clearly visible from the ground, with witnesses describing the whole formation as maintaining their relative positions while moving slowly across the sky. Witnesses also reported two dimmer lights towards the municipality of Eghezee displaying similar erratic movements to the second set of lights. Over the next hour, the two scrambled F-16s attempted nine separate interceptions of the targets. On three occasions, they managed to obtain a radar lock for a few seconds but each time the targets changed position and speed so rapidly that the lock was broken. During the first radar lock, the target accelerated from 240 km/h to over 1,770 km/h while changing altitude from 2,700 m to 1,500 m, then up to 3,350 m before descending to almost ground level – the first descent of more than 900 m taking less than two seconds. Similar manoeuvres were observed during both subsequent radar locks. On no occasion were the F-16 pilots able to make visual contact with the targets During this time, ground witnesses broadly corroborate the information obtained by radar. They described seeing the smaller triangle completely disappear from sight at one point, while the larger triangle moved upwards very rapidly as the F-16s flew past. After 00:30, radar contact became much more sporadic and the final confirmed lock took place at 00:40. This final lock was once again broken by an acceleration from around 160 km/h to 1,120 km/h, after which the radar of the F-16s and those at Glons and Semmerzake all lost contact. The F-16s eventually returned to base shortly after 01:00. The final details of the sighting were provided by the members of the Wavre gendarmerie who had been sent to confirm the original report. They describe four lights now being arranged in a square formation, all making short jerky movements, before gradually losing their luminosity and disappearing in four separate directions at around 01:30.[3] whereas almost all of the earlier reports described the formation as triangular. By the time morning had broken on March 31st, authorities were left with hundreds of sightings reports that would soon become thousands. 2,600 witnesses filed written statements describing in detail what they had seen.[2] Following the incident, the Belgian air force released a report detailing the events of that night. These exciting events in the air were largely corroborated by reports from witnesses on the ground, of which there are rumored to have been as many as 13,000. With so many witnesses, one would expect countless items of photographic and video evidence However, to the delight of skeptics, such evidence has been in virtually zero supply over the last 26 years. Camcorders had been rising in popularity since the 1980's and home videos were common among many families. So with this in mind, it does seem strange that more people weren't able to get a decent shot at these objects that reportedly buzzed the Belgian skies for over 2 hours. Philip J. Klass's law: Once news coverage leads the public to believe that UFOs may be in the vicinity, there are numerous natural and man-made objects which, especially seen at night, can take on unusual characteristics in the minds of hopeful viewers. Their UFO reports in turn add to the mass excitement, which encourages still more observers to watch for UFOs. This situation feeds upon itself until such time as the media lose interest in the subject, and then the « flap » quickly runs out of steam..[9]

12. INCIDENT AT EXETER 1966

This case which resulted in a best selling book of the same title by the same author who cashed in on Betty and Barney Hill's incident, was solved 45 years later. It turns out the lights were from a KC-97 air tanker refueling a B-47. The fact the witness felt she was being chased and "buzzed" by space aliens in flying saucers shows how strong the human imagination is. See http://www.csicop.org/si/show/exeter_incident_solved_a_classic_ufo_case_forty-five_years_cold/

13. UFOs seen over and interferring with US and USSR nuclear missle launch sites

This may be "lucky 13" for Humanity as there is very strong evidence that UFOs have prevented nuclear launches. This sounds incredible but Robert Hastings has devoted most of his life to researching, documenting and publicizing this. While Hastings focuses on the US and Russian keep in mind that in the Rendlesham forest incident (US air bases in the UK, with atomic bombs) also covered in this website and my book that a UFO was seen to be sending a ray or beam of light onto the weapons storage area. To quote from http://www.ufohastings.com/
Although most people are completely unaware of its existence, the UFO-Nukes Connection is now remarkably well-documented. U.S. Air Force, FBI, and CIA files declassified via the Freedom of Information Act establish a convincing, ongoing pattern of UFO activity at American nuclear weapons sites extending back to December 1948. Moreover, these mysterious incursions are not ancient history, so to speak, occurring only during the Cold War era. Indeed, evidence suggests that multiple, ongoing incidents have taken place near ICBM sites operated by Malmstrom AFB, Montana, as recently as October 2012. For more than 40 years, noted researcher Robert Hastings has sought out and interviewed former and retired U.S. Air Force personnel regarding their direct or indirect involvement in nuclear weapons-related UFO incidents. These individuals—ranging from retired colonels to former airmen—report extraordinary encounters which have obvious national security implications. In fact, taken to their logical conclusion, these cases have planetary implications, given the horrific consequences that would result from a full-scale, global nuclear war. Significantly, the UFO activity occasionally transcends mere surveillance and involves direct and unambiguous interference with our strategic weapons systems. Numerous cases include reports of mysterious malfunctions of large numbers of nuclear missiles just as one or more UFOs hovered nearby. (Declassified Soviet Ministry of Defense documents confirm that such incidents also occurred in the former USSR.) To date, Hastings has interviewed more than 150 military veterans who were involved in various UFO-related incidents at U.S. missile sites, weapons storage facilities, and nuclear bomb test ranges. The events described by these individuals leave little doubt that the U.S. nuclear weapons program is an ongoing source of interest to someone possessing vastly superior technology. On September 27, 2010 Hastings hosted the UFO-Nukes Connection press conference at the National Press Club in Washington D.C., during which seven U.S. Air Force veterans discussed UFO incursions at nuclear weapons sites during the Cold War era. CNN streamed that event live; the full-length video is available on Hastings' site.
His book UFOs and Nukes can be ordered directly from his website click here

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